On February 17, 2001, President George W. Bush issued an executive order that requires all employers that have federal government contracts involving more than $100,000 (and their subcontractors) and collective bargaining agreements requiring union membership or payment of union fees as a condition of employment to post notices informing their employees of their rights under the Foundation’s Communications Workers v. Beck decision not to join the union and, if they do not join, not to pay union fees for purposes other than collective, bargaining, contract administration, and grievance adjustment. On April 19, 2004, the United States Supreme Court declined to review a lower court decision upholding the President’s authority to issue that executive order (the Foundation filed “friend of the court” briefs defending the executive order). Consequently, the Department of Labor’s final regulations implementing the executive order are now in effect. Detailed information about the requirements of the executive order, including copies of the notices that employers must post, that is available on the Department of Labor’s web site.